The Alps hold one of the most diverse ecosystems to be found on earth. The altitude means that there are endemic species in the higher areas and species that vary with altitude. We can divide the fauna and flora of the Alps in several stages, those that occupy terrain up to 1000 metres, to 2500m, to 4000m, and those that survive even above these altitudes.
In the first zone, closest to sea level, is where they have developed most in this region, as the lands are arable and they have proliferated fruit and vegetable crops, which for centuries have fed hundreds of thousands of families from Savoy to Piedmont.
In the second area, between around 1000 and 2000 metres, we find a wide variety of oaks, pines, grass meadows and a large selection of animals with squirrels, foxes, feral pigs and rabbits populating the area. The wolf and brown bear are also species found in certain parts of the Alps but unfortunately both are in serious danger of extinction.
As for bird species, these are concentrated largely in this area, with eagles, vultures, ravens and owls among the most prominent species, along with ospreys, which themselves are also in danger of extinction.
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